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Romans invaded Britain in AD43, they moved north from the Kentish Coast and traversed the River Thames in the London region. Soldiers crossed the river at Lambeth, but further downstream they built a permanent wooden bridge, just east of the present London Bridge. As a focal point of the Roman road system, it was the bridge which attracted settlers and led to London’s inevitable growth, trade and commerce. The soon flourishing city called Londinium the name itself is Celtic, not Latin, originally have referred merely to a previous farmstead on the site.
AD60 Queen Boudica of the Iceni tribe rose up against the Romans, who fled. The city was burned to the ground. However, the Romans eventually regained control and rebuilt London, adding a Forum (market) and Basilica (a business centre), slowly building a wall around the city to protect it from further invasion.
The Romans left at the beginning of the 5th Century as the Roman Empire crumbled, leaving London largely deserted. Britain was invaded by the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes (who came from Holland, Germany and Denmark). By the beginning of the 7th Century the city had become important enough to justify the building of a cathedral, St Paul’s. There is still a cathedral (but not the same one!) on the same spot.
Little is known about London for a few hundred years, all through during the 9th and 10th Centuries there were many attacks by the Vikings. “London Bridge is falling down, falling down, falling down, London Bridge is falling down, my fair lady“. It was thought that this nursery rhyme probably records an attack against London by the Viking, Olaf, at the beginning of the 11th Century.
Visit London in the Twenty First Century while travelling with Europe Driving Holidays as today, London is a major tourist hub, world renowned for its Royalty, history, architecture, shopping and Black Taxi’s. London another common arrivals or departure point for Europe Driving holiday trips throughout Europe and the UK.
Great Locations, Cars and People www.EuropeDriving.com